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实例解析抓住题干有效关键词

时间:2019-06-11 21:45:48 | 编辑: | 来自:

雅思听力关键词找的不对,影响听力时的目标性,想要拿高分也真的是谈何容易啊!所以,做听力审题是关键,而如何快速且准确地找到有效关键词,更是重中之重的任务!今天,就让我们来聊聊选择题题干里的关键词。

01、时间

C8T2S3

21. Where in Australia have Asian honey bees been found in the past?

A. Queensland

B. New South Wales

C. several states

原文:We discovered a few of them in Queensland once and eradicated them. Now, we’re pretty keen to make sure that there aren’t any more getting in, particularly to New South Wales and other states.

本题的关键信息就是 in the past – 过去的时间。在听力时注意到 discovered 和 once 都表示过去,因此 A 选项 - Queensland 答案就很明显了。而 Now 这个表示现在时间的词帮我们快速排除了 B 和 C 的选项。

C8T1S2

19-20. Which TWO activities can students do after the tour at present?

A.build model dinosaurs

B.watch films

C.draw dinosaurs

D.find dinosaur eggs

E.play computer games

原文:We used to have an activity room with more interactive things like making models of dinosaurs and drawing and painting pictures, even hunting for dinosaur eggs, but …

本题的关键信息依旧是跟时间相关的词 – at present。根据这段内容,我可以通过 used to 这种表示过去时间的词来快速排除掉 A,C,D 选项,剩下的 B,E 就是我们的正确答案了。


02、程度

C9T2S3

23. The students’ main concern about using the library would be

A. the size of the library

B. difficulty in getting help

C. the lack of materials

原文: Our main worry would be not being able to go to a teacher for advice.

本题的关键信号词是 main concern,当听到 main worry 这个替换词出现时就是在提醒学生答案就跟在后面呢。最后用 not being able to go to a teacher for advice 来替换选项 B 的difficulty in getting help.

03、对象

C8T2S3

22. A problem with Asian honey bees is that they

A. attack native bees

B. carry parasites

C. damage crops

原文:Student 1: What’s wrong with Asian honey bees? Are they so different from Australian bees? GRANT: Well, in fact, they look almost the same, but they are infested with mites – microscopic creatures which live on them, and which can seriously damage our own home-grown bees, or could even wipe them out.

本题讨论的对象是 Asian honey bee,在句子开头就用了代词 they 来替代 Asian honey bee,来引出后面的答案句 they are infested with mites。

而陷阱就容易出现在代词所指代的对象到底是不是题目所讨论的对象。看后面的那两个which 指代的是不是本题的 Asian honey bee 呢?事实上,不是。

它们指代的是 microscopic creatures。因此A选项是设有陷阱的错误选项。

审题时抓住关键信息很重要,听力内容往往会在这些信息上设陷阱。只要听力时目标清晰了,烤鸭们也就不会再屡屡掉入出题者所设的陷阱里面了。


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