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千万不要只说Sorry!揭秘雅思口语考试中你不知道的5大潜规则(附考官最爱问的170个问题)

时间:2020-10-19 08:54:10 | 编辑: | 来自:


烤鸭们,其实雅思口语的判分标准中一直都存在着一些潜规则哦~

明白这些不成文的规则到底是什么,也许你就能走出自己的备考盲点或盲区。

#潜规则1
不能只说Sorry


谦虚是中国人的传统美德,时至今日还有不少人在奉行着孔子在两千多年前的信条:“知之为知之,不知为不知,是知也。”这是一种优点,但在实际操作的时候还要讲求方法。

拿雅思口语考试来说,如果考生不认识或听不懂考题中的某个单词,他们完全有权利来问考官,而且不会被扣分。关键在于怎么问——假如你只是说一句 Sorry 或 Sorry, I don't know,给考官的印象就是你缺乏最基本的社交能力,甚至是一种不礼貌、不友好的态度,此类考生一定会被潜规则掉(即落入最多5分的范围)。

相反,如果你说 "Sorry, what does this word mean?" 或 "Sorry, what does that mean?" 或 "Sorry, could you please explain this word to me?",是完全可以被接受的问话方式。

因此,烤鸭们在碰到生词或听不懂某个单词的意思时,第一,切莫慌张(因为听不懂是很正常的事);第二,一定要使用得体的语言来询问考官,千万不能只说一声 Sorry!

#潜规则2
话语中一定要有something original

如果你是一位雅思口语考官,每次考试要接待数十个考生,而每次问到 food 时,这些考生都会异口同声地说 delicious;每次问到 What do you think of Shanghai? 时,大家的开场白都是 Shanghai is a beautiful city… 这时你会有怎样的感受和心情? "You will be bored to death!" 直白地说,考官也是人啊,也有人的所有感情及情绪啊,每天都听到 delicious, beautiful, important, international 这些陈词滥调,不烦闷才怪呢!

因此,强烈建议考生:You must say something original and don't say beautiful all the time. 也就是说,在考官心目中,原创的精神比什么都重要,再好的词汇、再优美的语言,一旦成了人人口中的陈词滥调或“口水话”,就比任何东西都要糟糕。

就刚才的 food 问题,我们完全可以说 fantastic, incredible, marvelous 等表示赞赏的词,而谈到对 Shanghai 的看法,情愿用 Shanghai is a great city 这种更简单的语言来避免机械化的套路。

#潜规则3
最恨generalized & memorized


"What do you hate most in a candidate's response?" 略加思索后,他直言不讳地告诉我,他最恨两样东西,一个是过于笼统抽象的回答(generalized response),另一个是死记硬背的答案(memorized answer),并坦白地说,一旦他发现有这种倾向性,会立即纠正或警告考生,而如果考生继续一意孤行的话,就把他们直接“打入地狱”。

通常的做法是 bring them back to a narrower topic 或者 interrupt their memorized answer and ask them a very different question,由此可见考官对整个考试的操作灵活度是相当大的,也同时对各位考生提出了一种警示:胆敢用事先背好的答案在资深考官面前“耍大刀”无异于在玩一场极其危险的游戏,而该游戏的最终失败者还是你自己!

在此给出建议:背诵一些优秀的答案的确是有助益的,但需要注意两点,一是尽量把 memorized answer 内化,即变成你思想的一部分或你自己平时讲话的一部分;二是在背诵之后,至少要能用三种不同的方式来复述一遍。能做到这两条的考生就能把 memorization 变作一件有意义的事情!

#潜规则4
我们的弹性很足

"We can use a lot of flexibility in the exam." 后来仔细听下来,发现这种弹性对于考生来说,既有有利的地方,也有不利之处。

举例来说,在 Part 2 有道题目是 Describe a structure that you like,在老外的生活常识里面,structure 一般是指一种人工建筑(楼房、大厦或像长城那样的土木工程),但如果某位考生不太理解这一点,而去描述了 the structure of a company,那也无可厚非,考生可以灵活理解某个单词的含义,考官也同样应该灵活接受考生的这种变通。

在 Part 2 的描述题中有三个小问题,考生是否需要一丝不苟地一一进行回答,以及万一漏掉了会不会扣分? "I don't care if they answer all the three questions or not, as long as they stay on the topic. These little questions are just a guide, and candidates are allowed to talk about something else within the topic." 换言之,考官不会在意你是否老老实实地把描述题中的所有小问题都予以回答,他关注的是你有没有能力进行长达2分钟的细节描述、描述的生动性和可信性、以及你的用词变化。

但考官的弹性不一定都是一件好事。如果你是一位优秀的考生,口语也达到了一定的水准,那么考官会在 Part 3 的问答中 reword the questions to make it more difficult(通过改变措词来加大问题的难度),而改变的方法往往是 increase the difficulty of vocabulary,比如通常的一个问题是 What are the advantages and disadvantages of a strong family relationship?

但经过考官的一番改装之后,变成了 What are some of the pros and cons of a strong family bond? 显然,这种弹性是大多数考生不愿看到的,但现实情况是:越是高端的考生越需要做好考官万一换词的心理准备,也只有经历过并存活下来的考生才能获取高分,正所谓“不入虎穴焉得虎子!”

#潜规则5
是生是死都在Part 3

我们绝大多数考官在长期接触考生的过程中,已经养成了一种习惯:把 Part 1 看成只是 warm-up,因为考生刚入场,紧张、忐忑、焦虑、惶恐等不良情绪都或多或少存在,所以 Part 1 的目的主要是打破考生心中的冰山,让考生安定下来,以便达到后面的最佳状态。

在 Part 2 中,由于不少中国考生备考非常认真,对每种可能出现的描述题都准备得很充分,即使是事先背出的答案也能说得十分自然流畅,就像自己思考出来的那样,因此考官很难确定是真是假。老外有一个很优秀的传统:在无法判定善与恶、是与非、真与假、美与丑的情况下,宁可相信前者而非后者。很多老外也知道自己的这一软肋,所以更倾向于把 Part 2 视为一个灰色地带,一个缓冲区,一个可以从侧面大致了解考生程度的考察部分,也就是说考生在 Part 2 的发挥优异与否和最终的分数关系不大,它并非真正的考验。

作为整个口语考试中的最后一道防线,Part 3 在所有考官心目中的份量重于泰山。

"It is the third part that's really important." 在这道生死关上,考官会想尽办法让你用 creative thinking 来进行回答,而富有经验的考官更会问一些“前无古人、后无来者”的问题,彻底颠覆你妄图使用现成答案的幻想!道理很简单,因为只有这样,你的真实水平才会在考官面前一览无遗——他想看的就是这个。雅思口语备考中必须花费大量精力用在 Part 3 上,只有把这一部分补足才是真正的强大,而其中“展望未来”、“利弊对比”、“事物差异”、“今昔对比”等题型是难中之难,希望各位考生打起十二分的精神来应对它们。

由此看来,我们还是要把精力放在积累更多词汇和表达,提高真实的口语水平和逻辑思维上来,而不能仅仅背熟准备好的内容。


【文末福利】


雅思口语考官都爱问些啥问题?提前了解考官的思路,考试难度将大大降低!下面这些问题是由烤鸭们考完回忆算完频率整理成的,虽然有170个,但是大部分都是part1和2,所以真正需要费心机准备的part 3和4 没有多少,好好练一下吧~

1. What"s your name? 
2. Does your name have any special meaning?
3. Where were you come from? 
4. What kind of landscape surrounds your hometown? 
5. What is the main crop in your hometown?
6. What is the difference between Beijing and your hometown?
7. What are the main places of interest in your hometown?
8. What is the climate like in your hometown? 
9. What is the character of the people like in the region where you live?
10. What are the differences in accent between the people of your hometownand Beijing?
11. What is people"s favorite food in your region? 
12. How do you make dumplings? 
13. What do you do during the Spring Festival?
14. Why is the Spring Festival so important to Chinese people? 
15. Can you describe one of the main festivals celebrated in your country?
16. Tell me something about the Lantern Festival.
17. Tell me something about the Qing Ming Festival.
18. Tell me something about the customs of your country. 
19. How long have you lived in Beijing? 
20. What is the weather like in Beijing?

21. How do you compare the climate in Beijing with that in your hometown?
22. What place in Beijing do you like best? Why ?
23. Which is the worst place you"ve been to China? 
24. Which is the best place you"ve been to China?
25. What places in Beijing should a foreigner visit? Why?
26. What are the major social problems in Beijing? How can they be solved?
27. What is the biggest problem China faces? 
28. What places in Beijing should a foreigner visit? Why?
29. Could you tell me something about your family?
30. Have you any children?
31. What is your child"s name? Does his name have a meaning? 
32. What does your wife/husband do? 
33. When did you get married?
34. Describe your wedding. 
35. How have weddings changed in recent years? 
36. Are there any special customs about wedding in your region?
37. Describe a traditional wedding ceremony. 
38. Where did you go for your honeymoon? 
39. Did you have to ask for permission from your parents before you gotmarried?
40. Is it acceptable for couples to live together without marrying?

41. Where do you think a newly couple should live? Living with their parents oron their own?
42. What responsibilities should a couple take? 
43. How do Chinese usually celebrate birthdays?
44. Are there any traditions concerning the birth of a baby?
45. What kind of parent do you intend to be? 
46. What do you think of One-Child Policy in China?
47. Why do people in China traditionally want to have a son? 
48. What difficulties do Chinese farmers have concerning their old age?
49. What do you think needs to be done in order to relieve the farmer"s worries? 
50. What hope or fears do you have for your children? 
51. What sort of culture do you hope your child will grow up in? 
52. Are you going to bring up your child differently from the way you werebrought up? How?
53. Do you enjoy shopping?
54. Who does most of the shopping in your family?
55. What are you good at cooking? What is your favorite dish?
56. Who does most of cooking in your family? 
57. Is there *** discrimination in China?
58. How do you sum up women"s conditions in China? 
59. What are the causes of *** discrimination? 
60.Should government pay certain salaries to those housewives? Why or whynot?

61. Would you want your wife to continue with her career or to stay at hometaking care of the household after you get married?
62. Have you ever wished to be one of the opposite ***? Why (why not)?
63. What would you do if your next-door neighbour were noisy nearly all thetime? 
64. Do you have a lot of friend?
65. What does friendship mean to you? What kind of people do you make friendwith? 
66. What is your major? 
67. How do you like your major?
68. When and where did you graduate? What qualifications have you obtained?
69. Do you still remember your school days? 
70. What impressed you most when you were at university? 
71. Which is the best university in your country?
72. Could you sum up your own study habits in a few points? 
73. What do you think of the practice of setting up key schools in primary andsecondary school education in China?
74. Do you think the subjects you are studying today are relevant topresent-day society? Why ? 
75. What do you think education should be? Should it be a process of learningwhat is useful for your future life or should it be simply learning for enjoyment?Why?
76. What do you do for a living? 
77. What do you do in the office every day? 
78. Since your job seems too professional to me, could you explain it in detail?
79. What are your job prospects?
80. If you had the opportunity to change your job, what would you do with it?

81. Do you have any ambitious? 
82. Will any possible future changes affect your job in any way?
83. What are your spare time interests? 
84. How do you spend your weekends? 
85. What is your favorite sport? What are the rules? 
86. What is the most popular sport in your country?
87.What are the sporting facilities like in your university/Beijing? 
88. What do you know about Qigong? Do you believe in Qigong?
89. What do you do in your spare time?
90. Do you often read newspapers? If not, why ones do you read?
91. What do you think of computer?
92. Do you think computer has changed our life so much?
93. Do you often go to the cinema/theatre? 
94. What kind of films do you like best? 
95. Do you often watch TV? What is your favorite program?
96. Do you think watching TV too much is a waste of time?
97. What kind of music do you enjoy? 
98. Who is your favorite film star? Will you describe him/her to me? 
99. Do you enjoy travelling? 
100. Where have you been travelling to? Which place interested you most?

101. Do you smoking? 
102. Do you think smoking is a problem that needs special attention and has tobe solved? If so, why? 
103. What do you know about ABC? 
104. What problem do you think you will have in ABC? 
105. How will you overcome the difficulties? 
106. Do you think you will be able to cope with English-demands of yourintended study program in ABC? 
107. What difficulties do you think you’ll encounter in your studies in ABC?
108.Can you imagine what life in     Britain/Canada/Australia/London, etc. wouldbe like? 
109. How will you fare in Britain/Canada/Australia, etc. without your family?
110. What do you intend to study?
111. Which university are you going to study at? 
112. Why did you choose this university? 
113. Where are you going to study in ABC? 
114. What are you plans in ABC? 
115. What is your research proposal all about?
116. What do you hope for most from your study abroad? 
117. Will your study abroad help your job prospects after come back to China? 
118. Should you study more theory or do more practice? Give your reasons,please. 
119. What kind of differences in the cultures are you expecting between Chinaand the ABC?
120. How will your study in Britain benefit your work in China when you comeback to China? 

121. What do you intend to do after you finish studying?
122. What will be your main problem when you are study in a foreign country? 
123. What problem can you foresee in the future when you come back to China?
124. Will there be any adjustment problems in your life when you come back toChina? If so, what are they?
125. Will you have to make any changes in your work/life when you come backto China? 
126. Do you think there will be a gap between your knowledge gained in Chinaand the level of knowledge you are going to encounter on arrival? If so, what willit be? 
127. What do you think of the future of China keeps an open policy?
128. What do you regard as the most significant events in your country’s recenthistory? 
129. Are there any special places you want to see in Canada? What are they?
130. What do you especially want to do in Canada? 
131. How do you like your life in ABC University?
132. What do you think of the training in the university? 
133. In what way do you think university training is helpful or falls short? 
134. What aspect of English do you find the most difficult?
135. Do you find American English easier to understand than Britain English?
136. What sports are played in your country? 
137. Could you describe the traditional architecture of your country? 
138. What role dose religion play in everyday life in your country? 
139. What would you regard as the most significant events in your country"srecent history? 
140. How aware do you think people are nowadays about environmental issues? 

141. Could you tell me why you chose to study at the university of ABC? 
142. What role dose tourism play in your country"s economy?
143. How serious is unemployment in your country? 
144. In your opinion, what are the most serious problems associated withmodern life? 
145. What do you think have been the most important changes in your field overthe past 5 years?
146. What are you going to major in ? 
147. Are you going to do your own cooking when you are at university? 
148. Some local students feel that overseas students get preferential treatment.What is your opinion? 
149. Do you think you will be able to cope with the English-language demandsof your intended program? 
150. What do you think are the main causes of road accidents? 
151. Do you think the government is doing enough to prevent road accidents? 
152. As there are more and more private cars, what do you think thegovernment should do in order to encourage citizens to use public transport?
153. How do you see yourself in ten years" time? 
154. Have you ever thought to have your own business?
155. What business do you hope to have? 
156. Do you know about any policies about opening a business abroad?
157. What are your plans for your future? 
158. Why do you think there are more and more people leaving to immigrate toother countries?
159. Is it good for China that so many people are going to other countries? 
160. Will your life change a lot after you immigrate to ABC? 

161. What will you do if you are ill abroad? 
162. Do you know what to do in case of emergency?
163. What will do if you cannot find a job in ABC?
164. Why do you want to immigrate to ABC? 
165. What will you do after the IELTS test? 
166. What will do if you fail the IELTS test?167. What"s your dream job?
168. How long have you been learning English?
169. What troubles you most at the moment? 
170. Does your family support your decision on going ABC? What help do theyoffer?


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