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雅思小作文的动态图怎么写?

时间:2019-06-11 19:00:40 | 编辑: | 来自:

基本概念

什么是动态图?数据随时间变化的图就是动态图。

写作时可按数据大小、趋势、时间区间分组。

描写趋势变化词汇

上升:Increase ,rise ,grow ,go up, climb, jump, soar, surge

下降: decrease, decline, fall, go down, drop, plunge, plummet

波动:fluctuate, vibrate, vary

持平:remain,stay, keep stable, unchanged at

变化幅度小:gradually moderately, modestly,slightly

变化幅度大:sharply, dramatically,significantly,considerably

描述变化的核心句型

句式一:描述对象+ 趋势动词(+副词)+ 数据+ 时间区间

The proportion of population aged 65 and over in Japan(描述对象) decreased(趋势动词) from 5% in 1940 to 3% in 1960(数据+时间).

句式二:There be + 趋势名词 + In + 描述对象 + 时间与数据

There was(There be ) a downward trend (趋势名词)in (IN)the proportion of population aged 65 and over in Japan(描述对象) from 5% in 1940 to 3% in 1960(数据+时间).

句式三:描述对象+ witness/ experience/ see + 趋势名词 + 数据与时间

The proportion of population aged 65 and over in Japan(描述对象) witnessed a downward trend(趋势名词) from 5% in 1940 to 3% in 1960(时间与数据).

写作技巧:时态

动态图的数据一般是发生在过去的,所以以一般过去时为主。涉及到将来情况,可用现在时表将来:

Be expected / predicted/ estimated to

The proportion of elderly people in Japan is expected to soar from the year 2030.

写作雷区:

1、 主观议论。只描述客观信息就可以,不要添加主观看法。

2、 缺少具体数据。

3、 缺少比较。

例题

选择趋势变化为分组依据会比较好些。

文章框架:

开头段重新描述题目内容,也就是改写。一定要写综述,overview可放在首段第二句或者结尾段。如果没有overview,分数会拉低很多。

主体段描述数据。

The three pie chart compare the popularity of five kinds of books according to the sales of bookseller during the period from 1972 and 2012.

开头段常用替换词:

Graph- chart

Percentage- proportion

Different- various

Quantity- amount/number

Data- statistic/figure/number

Between and- from to/ during the period

Show- describe/ illustrate/reveal/give information about

主体段描述数据

It’s noticeable that fictions witnessed a gradual rise during the whole period. In 1972, the percentage of adult fiction and childern’s fiction equaled, which was 20%. And then the proportion of adult fiction soared to 45% in the following 40 years, whereas the figure of children’s fiction experienced a steady growth and arrived at 25% in the year 2012.

In contrast, sales of biography and other books showed a decreasing trend, despite that biography was less popular than other books in there three separate years, and the gaps were 5%, 5% and 4% respectively. As for travel books, they gained the least popularity of 15% in 1972, and rose slightly by the year 1992, yet the figure dropped in the rest years and reached 10% in 2012.

Overview

Overall, the popularity of fictions increased considerably during the whole period while the popularity of other categories of books saw a marked decrease.


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